Tennessee's Preparedness For Health Emergencies Improved Since 2013
Published: Tuesday, May 22, 2018 4:39 pm
The fifth annual assessment of the nation's day-to-day preparedness for managing community health emergencies found Tennessee held steady over the last year. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) released the results of the 2018 National Health Security Preparedness Index, which found Tennessee scored 6.9 on a 10-point scale for preparedness, compared to 7.1 for the United States as a whole. The nation's overall preparedness improved slightly over the last year, though deep regional inequities are becoming more pronounced.
"Threats to America's health security are on the rise, but so is our nation's preparedness to deal with these emergencies," said Alonzo Plough, PhD, MPH, vice president of research-evaluation-learning and chief science officer at RWJF. "The Index shows how prepared public and private stakeholders are to tackle health security challenges and sheds light on areas for improvement."
The Index analyzes 140 measures--such as the percentage of bridges that are in good or fair condition, the number of pediatricians, and flu vaccination rates--to calculate a composite score that provides the most comprehensive picture of health security available. The scores indicate the ability to protect the health security of Americans from incidents like newly emerging infectious diseases, growing antibiotic resistance, terrorism and extreme weather conditions.
Based on a model informed by experts in public health, emergency management, academia, health care, and other sectors, researchers collect, aggregate, and measure health security data from more than 50 sources. The final measures fall into six categories, each of which is assessed independently, and cover topics such as:
Source: 2018 National Health Security Preparedness Index
Despite improvements in two-thirds of states, significant inequities in health security exist across the nation. The highest state (Maryland, 8.0) scores 25 percent higher than the lowest states (Alaska and Nevada, 6.4). Generally, states in the Deep South and Mountain West regions have lower health security levels than Northeast and Pacific Coast states. Many of the lower-scoring states face elevated risks of disasters and contain disproportionate numbers of low-income residents.
"Five years of continuous gains in health security nationally is remarkable progress," said Glen Mays, PhD, MPH, who leads a team of researchers at the University of Kentucky in developing the Index. "But achieving equal protection across the U.S. population remains a critical unmet priority."
Originally developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a tool to drive dialogue to improve health security and preparedness, the Index is a collaborative effort funded by RWJF involving more than 30 organizations. State health officials, emergency management experts, business leaders, nonprofits, researchers, and others help shape the Index.
For more information visit www.nhspi.org.