Archives     Advertise     Editorial Calendar     Subscribe     Contact Us    

Trial to Test Nasal Irrigations as COVID-19 Treatment


Researchers from Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) are conducting a clinical trial to determine whether nasal saline irrigations can reduce viral shedding and symptoms in patients with COVID-19.

Prior studies have shown that using simple, over-the-counter nasal saline irrigations can decrease viral shedding in upper respiratory infections -- including other coronaviruses -- helping patients feel better, resolving symptoms in less time and potentially reducing transmissibility of the virus.

"Much of the focus early in the fight against this virus centered around hand hygiene, but as an otolaryngologist, I found that hardly anyone talked about nasal hygiene. Several studies have identified the nasal cavity and nasopharynx as the primary sites of viral entry, replication and expulsion, which made me think: Why don't we wash our nose like we wash our hands?" said Kyle Kimura, MD, fourth-year resident in the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery and principal investigator for the study.

"The principle behind good hand hygiene is that rinsing with soap and water can remove viral particles before they can infect yourself or spread to others. I wanted to see if we could apply the same concept in the nose with nasal irrigations to potentially wash away the virus before it can really take hold."

While many medications and treatments have been proposed for COVID-19, there has not yet been a study targeting intervention within the nasal cavity, which is often where a patient first comes into contact with the virus, where the viral load is highest, and where the virus is most likely to exit the body when a person coughs, sneezes or breathes.

"There are other trials that are ongoing and that have been completed for COVID-19 treatments, but most of them are for pharmaceuticals, and in many cases, they're very expensive. This is something that's considered affordable, is available without a prescription, is easy to do and has few side effects," said Justin Turner, MD, PhD, associate professor of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery at VUMC and the study's director.

"If it has some significant effect on symptoms or disease resolution, or if it has the potential to reduce transmissibility of the virus, then it's something that would be easy to incorporate into the population at large."

The trial is already close to meeting its enrollment goal of more than 100 participants with COVID-19.

Participants are randomized into three groups: a control group that receives no intervention, a group that receives nasal saline irrigations twice per day, and a group that receives nasal saline irrigations plus half a teaspoon of baby shampoo (which acts as a surfactant, potentially helping to kill the virus) twice per day.

Participants are followed for 14-21 days and self-swab their nose every few days so the researchers can examine their viral load. They also keep a daily symptom diary noting their temperature and symptom severity.

Aside from collecting data on the effectiveness of the nasal treatments, the researchers are examining participants' nasal swabs as part of a separate study funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to learn more about disease progression, the impact of co-infections and the association between nasal viral load and the severity of symptoms.

The researchers will also examine changes the virus causes to the nasal microbiome, when the virus clears and who is more likely to transmit the virus to others by following participants' household contacts to see if they also develop the disease.

"This study epitomizes personalized health -- the backbone of Vanderbilt's philosophy of patient care. Indeed, the personalized health can be expanded to population health -- with an effective, safe and inexpensive option -- we hope, depending on the test results," said Roland Eavey, MD, Guy M. Maness Professor and chair of Otolaryngology and director of the Vanderbilt Bill Wilkerson Center.

This research is supported by grant AI142321. Additional collaborators include Suman Das, PhD, associate professor of Medicine in the Division of Infectious Diseases.


Related Articles:

Recent Articles

AMA Releases 2021 CPT Code Set

New updates to medicine's common language reflect burden relief, COVID-19 testing and tech-enabled medical services

Read More

Council on Aging Offers Helpline, Resources for Healthcare Providers

COA offers a helpline and lifeline to providers, older adults, caregivers and family members trying to navigate services.

Read More

VUMC Launches Groundwork for Tennessee's First Federally Funded Alzheimer's Disease Research Center

Angela Jefferson, PhD, professor of Neurology and director of the Vanderbilt Memory and Alzheimer's Center, has been awarded a grant from the National Institute on Aging (NIA), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), to support establishment of an NIA-funded exploratory Alzheimer's Disease Research Center (ADRC) at Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC).

Read More

From Pain Management to Pandemic: The Changing Face of Sports Medicine

New norms mean new routines and standards of care on and off the field.

Read More

Kids, Classrooms and COVID-19

Risk mitigation key as kids hit the classrooms.

Read More

Meharry, Wharton Partner on Dual Degree Program

Meharry Medical College and the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania have partnered on a joint MD/PhD program.

Read More

Practice Management Q&A with NMGMA

NMGMA leaders answer questions about challenging practice management issues.

Read More

Physician Practice Leadership in a Post-COVID-19 Environment

COVID-19 has changed just about every aspect of daily life, including the way care is delivered. Looking toward a post-COVID landscape, practice leaders will need to reevaluate processes and assess the best way forward.

Read More

Economic Effect of COVID-19 Shutdowns & PPP Relief

A public health crisis, COVID-19 has also proven to be an economic crisis for practices and providers. For those receiving PPP relief, the path to forgiveness is coming into focus.

Read More

Brookdale CEO Shares Industry Response to COVID-19

As part of their ongoing Brass Tacks series, the Nashville Health Care Council recently welcomed Brookdale CEO Cindy Baier to discuss the senior living industry's response to COVID-19.

Read More

Email Print



Powered by Bondware
News Publishing Software

The browser you are using is outdated!

You may not be getting all you can out of your browsing experience
and may be open to security risks!

Consider upgrading to the latest version of your browser or choose on below: